Edfu, located on the west bank of the Nile River between Esna and Aswan, is a city steeped in ancient history. It is renowned for the Temple of Edfu, one of the best-preserved temples of the Ptolemaic era, dedicated to the falcon god Horus. The city’s origins can be traced back to the Old Kingdom, and it played a significant role as the capital of the Second Upper Egypt nome. Edfu’s archaeological sites, including the ancient settlement of Tell Edfu and the remnants of pyramids south of the city, offer a rich tapestry of Egypt’s past, revealing insights into the development of provincial towns from the late Old Kingdom until the Byzantine period.

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